AngularJS: Uncaught Error: [$injector:modulerr] Failed to instantiate module?

Problem

I am new to AngularJS and working my way through some documents and tutorials to learn. My question is in reference to Egghead's video series, this video in particular, demonstrating how to put together a basic search filter. I wanted to use this in a real app I'm building for a friend with a small candle-making business but when I modified it to be her candles rather than the Avengers cast (as demo'd in the video) I got this error:

Uncaught Error: [$injector:modulerr] Failed to instantiate module myApp due to:

Error: [$injector:nomod] Module 'myApp' is not available! You either misspelled the module name or forgot to load it. If registering a module ensure that you specify ...

I copied a redacted (only 3 cast members in the array) version of EXACTLY what is in the video demo into a jsfiddle and discovered it still yields the same error. (For reference, the Egghead demo is here: http://www.thinkster.io/angularjs/ET1iee6rnm/angularjs-ngfilter). I've read at least a half dozen similar questions on this site so far and tried every solution offered, but none of them get rid of this error or cause the Avengers search -- which works fine in the video demo -- to actually function properly.

HTML:

<div ng-app="myApp">
    <div ng-controller="AvengersCtrl">
        <input type="text" ng-model="search.$" />
        <table>
            <tr ng-repeat="actor in avengers.cast | filter:search">
                <td>{{actor.name}}</td>
                <td>{{actor.character}}</td>
            </tr>
        </table>
    </div>
</div>

Javascript:

var myApp = angular.module('myApp', []);
myApp.factory('Avengers', function () {
    var Avengers = {};
    Avengers.cast = [
        {
        name: "Robert Downey Jr.",
        character: "Tony Stark / Iron Man"
        }, 
        {
        name: "Chris Evans",
        character: "Steve Rogers / Captain America"
        },
        {
        name: "Mark Buffalo",
        character: "Bruce Banner / The Hulk"
        }
    ];
    return Avengers;
})

function AvengersCtrl($scope, Avengers) {
    $scope.avengers = Avengers;
}

Simply put, can someone offer a solution that will work and get rid of this error, as well as explain in simple English (not Ph.D. level "Angular Obscurese") what causes it (in a nutshell) and what needs to be done to avoid it?

Edit: Apologies, but the jsfiddle link referenced above from the tutorial is no longer active. I have removed the broken link. The tutorial mentioned is still available for viewing.

Problem courtesy of: code-sushi

Solution

Try using No Wrap - In Head or No wrap - in body in your fiddle:

Working fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/Q5hd6/

Explanation:

Angular begins compiling the DOM when the DOM is fully loaded. You register your code to run onLoad (onload option in fiddle) => it's too late to register your myApp module because angular begins compiling the DOM and angular sees that there is no module named myApp and throws an exception.

By using No Wrap - In Head, your code looks like this:

<head>

    <script type='text/javascript' src='//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/angular.js/1.2.1/angular.js'></script>

    <script type='text/javascript'>
      //Your script.
    </script>

</head>

Your script has a chance to run before angular begins compiling the DOM and myApp module is already created when angular starts compiling the DOM.

Solution courtesy of: Khanh TO

Discussion

I had to change the js file, so to include "function()" at the beginning of it, and also "()" at the end line. That solved the problem

Discussion courtesy of: Sam Joni

You have to play with JSFiddle loading option :

set it to "No wrap - in body" instead of "onload"

Working fiddle : http://jsfiddle.net/zQv9n/1/

Discussion courtesy of: Cétia

For people who find this old posting on the web by searching for the error message, there is another possible cause of the problem.

You could just have a typo in your call to the script, even if you have already done the things described in the other excellent answer. So check to make sure you can used the right spelling in your script tags.

Discussion courtesy of: CodeMed

For people having the same error with a similar code:

$(function(){
    var app = angular.module("myApp", []); 
    app.controller('myController', function(){

    });
});

Removing the $(function(){ ... }); solved the error.

Discussion courtesy of: L01c

This recipe can be found in it's original form on Stack Over Flow.