Getting angular directive attribute value returns 'undefined'

Problem

I'm doing a directive for input mask. But, when I pass a string as value the attribute is undefined. If I pass directly the mask It's working.

.directive('inputMask', function () {
return {
    restrict: 'EAC',
    scope: true,
    link: function (scope, element, attrs) {
        scope.$watch('inputMask', function (newVal) {
            console.log('inputMask', newVal);
        });
        var maskType = scope.$eval(attrs.inputMask);
        switch (maskType) {
            case 'phone':
                $(element).inputmask("phone", {
                    url: '@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-inputmask/phone-codes/phone-codes.json")',
                    onKeyValidation: function () { //show some metadata in the console
                        console.log($(this).inputmask("getmetadata")["name_en"]);
                    }
                });
                break;
            case 'money':
                $(element).inputmask("decimal", { digits: 2 });
                break;
            case 'moneyGrouped':
                $(element).inputmask("decimal", {
                    radixPoint: ",",
                    autoGroup: true,
                    groupSeparator: ".",
                    groupSize: 3,
                    digits: 2
                });
                break;
            case 'email':
                $(element).inputmask('Regex', { regex: "[a-zA-Z0-9._%-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9-]+\\.[a-zA-Z]{2,4}" });
            default:
                $(element).inputmask(maskType);
        }

        $(element).inputmask(scope.$eval(attrs.inputMask));
        $(element).on('keypress', function () {
            scope.$eval(attrs.ngModel + "='" + element.val() + "'");
        });
    }
};
});

Working (will get into default of the switch):

<input type="teste" name="teste" value="" ng-model="form.email" input-mask='{ "mask": "d/m/y", "autoUnmask" : true}'/>

Not working, attrs.inputMask is undefined (should enter in case 'money'):

<input type="teste" name="teste" value="" ng-model="form.email" input-mask='money'/>

What is wrong?

Problem courtesy of: Fals

Solution

When you use scope: true a new scope will be created for this directive. Then, to your $watch works correctly, you should create a new attribute to the current scope, called inputMask, that receives the attrs.inputMask

scope.inputMask = attrs.inputMask;
scope.$watch('inputMask', function (newVal) {
    console.log('inputMask', newVal);
});

You can see a simplified Working fiddle here

The other option, is to use the a hash object in directive's scope attribute.

The directive docs writes:

{} (object hash) - a new 'isolate' scope is created. The 'isolate' scope differs from normal scope in that it does not prototypically inherit from the parent scope. This is useful when creating reusable components, which should not accidentally read or modify data in the parent scope.

(...)

@ or @attr - bind a local scope property to the value of a DOM attribute.

That way, you can create your scope binding the DOM attribute:

scope: { 
    inputMask: "@" 
},
link: function (scope, element, attrs) {
    scope.$watch('inputMask', function (newVal) {
        console.log('inputMask', newVal);
    });
    /* ... */
}

Fiddle

Solution courtesy of: Beterraba

Discussion

In the directive use,

scope: {inputMask: '@'}

And in the link function instead of using attr.inputMask use scope.inputMask and that will work.

If you want to use attr then you can use

attr.$observe('inputMask', function() {
    console.log('changed');
}

Because initially the value will be undefined.

Discussion courtesy of: az7ar

The actual problem here was that scope.$eval('money') will return undefined. The attribute should be linking just fine to the directive, if it's in curly braces {}, or if it's a string such as 'money'.

It's what you're doing with the value that's causing the problem.

var maskType = scope.$eval(attrs.inputMask);

You would only need to use isolated scope with @, or attrs.$observe if you were passing interpolated attributes, such as {{money}}.

Discussion courtesy of: otterslide

This recipe can be found in it's original form on Stack Over Flow.